Configuration & Dependencies


In the previous example, we are deploying a single script and providing configuration through command-line arguments. This works well for simple scripts, but scripts often need other configuration, such as parameters definitions, other files or folders to deploy, and pip requirements.

Datapane allows you to provide a configuration file called datapane.yaml. When you deploy, Datapane looks for this file automatically. Before we continue, create a project structure with the script init command, which creates a sample datapane.yaml and a simple script.

~/C/d/d/my-new-proj> datapane script init
Created script 'my-new-proj', edit as needed and upload
~/C/d/d/my-new-proj> ls

We already have a script, so we can delete the sample and copy in our own. Because we're replacing the default script, we should specify this in our datapane.yaml using the script field. Whilst we're there, we can also add the name.

name: stock_plotter
script: # this could also be ipynb if it was a notebook

See the API reference for all the available configuration fields.

Dependencies and Requirements

Your Python script or notebook may have requirements on external libraries. Datapane supports the ability to add local folders and files, which you can deploy alongside your script, the ability to include pip requirements, which are made available to your script when it is run on Datapane, and the ability to specify a Docker container which your script runs in. These are all configured in your datapane.yaml.

Including pip dependencies

In the above example, we may want to use the yfinance library in Python, instead of manually reading a CSV from Yahoo. To do this, we can add it to a requirements list in our datapane.yaml

- yfinance

Including additional files and folders

Additionally, we may want to include a local Python folder or file. Imagine we have a separate Python file, which helps us scale the values of our stocks, and which we want to use in our notebook.

~/C/d/d/my-new-proj> ls
dp-script.ipynb datapane.yaml

To include this in the deploy, we can add it to include


Specifying Docker dependencies

By default, scripts on Datapane run in our standard docker container. By default, this includes the following libraries.

seaborn == 0.10.*
altair-recipes ~= 0.8.0
scipy == 1.4.*
scikit-learn == 0.22.*
patsy ~= 0.5.1
lightgbm ~= 2.2.3
lifetimes == 0.11.*
lifelines == 0.23.*
adtk ~= 0.6.2
# data access
sqlalchemy ~= 1.3
psycopg2-binary ~= 2.8
PyMySQL ~= 0.9.3
google-cloud-bigquery[pandas, pyarrow] ~= 1.17
boto3 ~= 1.12.6
requests ~= 2.23.0
ftpretty ~= 0.3.2
pymongo ~= 3.10.1
# misc
dnspython ~= 1.16.0 # requirement for pymongo to connect to certain instances
sh ~= 1.13.0

If you want your script to run in your own Docker container, you can specify your own.

This support currently only supports public Docker images, and we're adding support for private repositories in the near future. With that in mind, for anything that you don't want to be public, we would recommend continuing to upload private directories through the regular include mechanism, and including OS requirements or pip requirements.txt in the Dockerfile.

Although you can use any base for your Docker image, we would recommend inhereting off ours. To do this, create a Docker image which inherits from the our base image (nstack/datapane-python-runner) and adds your required dependencies.

from nstack/datapane-python-runner:latest
COPY requirements.txt .
RUN pip3 install --user -r requirements.txt

If you build this and push it to Dockerhub, you can then specify it in your datapane.yaml as follows:

container_image_name: your-image-name

When you run a script, it will run inside this Docker container. Note that the first run may take a bit longer, as it needs to pull the image from Dockerhub. Once it pulls it once, it's cached for future runs.